Roman comedy advanced early within the war-torn 200s BCE. Troupes of lower-class and slave actors traveled via a militarized panorama stuffed with displaced individuals and the newly enslaved; in combination, the actors made comedy to deal with mixed-class, hybrid, multilingual audiences. Surveying the entire of the Plautine corpus, the place slaves are central figures, and the extant fragments of early comedy, this guide is grounded within the historical past of slavery and integrates theories of resistant speech, humor, and function. Section I displays how actors joked about what other folks feared - natal alienation, beatings, sexual abuse, exhausting hard work, starvation, poverty - and the way street-theater bureaucracy faced debt, violence, and warfare loss. Section II catalogues the onstage expression of what other folks desired: revenge, honor, unfastened will, criminal personhood, circle of relatives, marriage, intercourse, meals, unfastened speech; some way house, via reminiscence; and manumission, or break out - all difficult via the actors' maleness. Comedy begins with anger.